In the past decade, eDiscovery has grown into a necessary part of business activity. Companies have generated and accumulated enormous quantities of electronically stored information on a scale that would have been unthinkable in the era of paper record keeping. This information is subject to discovery in legal and regulatory matters, and yet eDiscovery has yet to become a standard business process, mainly because the legal aspects are so complex, and the skills needed to accurately access, search and prepare the large volume of information that is stored on many different systems, created by numerous employees, working in different departments and diverse locations, in the short timeframe permitted, is a daunting task. One that is made considerably more difficult by stringent rules that govern how the eDiscovery process must be conducted in order for findings to be legally defensible. The reality for many organisations faced with the eDiscovery needs is that they are far from ready yet to integrate and optimize these services into their normal business operations.
eDiscovery is an evolving field that goes far beyond technology considerations alone. By the nature of the task it gives rise to multiple legal, constitutional, political, security and personal privacy issues, many of which have yet to be resolved.